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Qualcomm pays $1.4B for Nuvia, a server chip designer based by ex-Apple execs

Nuvia has been making an attempt to vary knowledge facilities by designing high-performance chips which can be extra energy environment friendly like cellular processors.


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Qualcomm is betting massive on an organization designing highly effective however power-efficient chips for knowledge facilities — $1.four billion massive. The corporate on Wednesday stated it has reached a deal to accumulate Nuvia, a two-year-old startup run by former Apple chip executives. 

However Qualcomm will not simply be aiming its newly acquired know-how at servers. As an alternative, it plans to make use of Nuvia CPUs — the brains of units — in all the pieces from its smartphone chips to its laptop computer processors and automotive parts. That would imply rather more highly effective and battery environment friendly Samsung Galaxy smartphones, Lenovo laptops and Normal Motors automobiles. 

Whereas Nuvia and Qualcomm each use Arm know-how for his or her processors, Qualcomm licenses the cores from Arm whereas Nuvia designs its personal. It permits the startup to customise them for top efficiency and energy effectivity higher than Qualcomm is ready, in addition to makes it much less reliant on Arm, which is being acquired by Nvidia for $40 billion. That is essential as mobile-like chips increase to extra areas, 5G turns into widespread and customers and companies demand increasingly battery life from their units. Apple additionally designs its personal Arm-based processor cores. Qualcomm beforehand designed its personal cores however moved away from that technique.


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“5G, the convergence of computing and mobile architectures, and the expansion of mobile technologies into other industries are significant opportunities for Qualcomm,” Cristiano Amon, Qualcomm’s president who will take on the role of CEO this summer, said in a press release. “Together [with Nuvia], we’re very nicely positioned to redefine computing and allow our ecosystem of companions to drive innovation and ship a brand new class of merchandise and experiences for the 5G period.”

Qualcomm has lengthy been referred to as the world’s largest wi-fi chipmaker, and it counts Samsung, Apple and nearly all main handset makers on the planet as its prospects. The goal with cellular chips has lengthy been to be as highly effective as potential whereas consuming low quantities of energy. Lately, Qualcomm additionally has pushed its parts into computer systems, automobiles and numerous different merchandise. It is probably that Samsung’s new Galaxy S21 lineup, anticipated to launch Thursday on the firm’s first Unpacked of 2021, will use Qualcomm Snapdragon 88 processors. And future telephones may benefit from Nuvia’s high-performance, battery environment friendly cores. 

Qualcomm’s acquisition of Nuvia additionally might give Arm PCs the increase they want. Whereas Apple’s first Arm-based computer systems have earned rave critiques, early Home windows PCs that use Qualcomm chips have been described as below powered. That would change when the corporate incorporates Nuvia’s know-how into its processors. Arm CEO Simon Segars instructed CNET’s Stephen Shankland that Apple’s M1-based Macs probably will kickstart the Arm-based PC period. Already, firms like Samsung and Microsoft use Qualcomm processors in tablets and PCs as an alternative of highly effective however battery hungry chips from Intel.

“This acquisition and the pedigree of the crew Qualcomm acquired now positions [it] to return to totally custom-designed CPU cores and again to a proprietary CPU structure, which I believe is the precise technical course for Qualcomm,” Artistic Methods analyst Ben Bajarin famous. 

Nuvia general will assist Qualcomm higher compete in opposition to Apple, which has turn into a pacesetter in relation to chip efficiency. Apple’s A Sequence chips have lengthy powered its iPhones and iPads, and late final yr, it launched its first computer systems that use its personal M1 processors as an alternative of chips from Intel. The brand new computer systems have highly effective efficiency, but in addition sip battery life, largely due to the improvements Apple has packed deep inside its chips. 

Nuvia’s co-founders — Gerard Williams III, Manu Gulati and John Bruno — beforehand held roles in Apple’s semiconductor design enterprise earlier than beginning their very own firm. Williams, who serves as Nuvia’s CEO, led the design of each Apple chip core from the A7 to the A12X earlier than he left the corporate in March 2019. Earlier than becoming a member of Apple in 2010, Williams for 12 years labored at Arm, the corporate whose designs are utilized in nearly all cellular processors. Gulati and Bruno additionally frolicked at Google earlier than co-founding Nuvia. The three, together with Nuvia’s different workers, shall be becoming a member of Qualcomm. 

“CPU efficiency management shall be crucial in defining and delivering on the following period of computing innovation,” Williams stated in a press launch. “The mixture of Nuvia and Qualcomm will convey the trade’s greatest engineering expertise, know-how and assets collectively to create a brand new class of high-performance computing platforms that set the bar for our trade.”

Nuvia’s buzz

Nuvia doesn’t but have a working product, however the firm has captured the eye of many massive gamers within the tech trade. In September, it raised $240 million from Peter Thiel’s Mithril Capital, Dell’s enterprise arm, Marvell’s founders and numerous different companies. On the time Nuvia stated it anticipated to have a product in prospects’ arms in 2022. In complete, Nuvia raised simply shy of $300 million earlier than the acquisition, and it has over 200 workers.

“Nuvia was launched to reimagine silicon for a world creating exponentially extra knowledge than it could actually course of,” Mithril founder and managing basic companion Ajay Royan stated in a press launch. After Mithril’s $70 million funding in September, which gave it a 12.5% stake in Nuvia, Royan joined the startup’s board. Its “distinctive method overcomes false trade-offs between power effectivity and chip efficiency,” he added.

It additionally has been in Apple’s crosshairs. The iPhone big filed a lawsuit in opposition to Williams in December 2019 for breach of contract. It accused him of beginning Nuvia whereas nonetheless at Apple and stated he recruited his former colleagues. Williams countersued in February 2020, alleging Apple has been doing the identical factor it accused him of — making an attempt to recruit his workers.

Regardless of Williams’ authorized troubles, Nuvia’s efforts to design its personal cores scale back its — and now Qualcomm’s –reliance on Arm at a time there’s uncertainty surrounding the chip designer. Nvidia, which is within the course of of shopping for Arm, immediately competes with a lot of Arm’s different prospects, together with Qualcomm. Longtime chip analyst Jim McGregor, of Tirias Analysis, famous in a weblog publish, that the announcement of the Nvidia-Arm deal “despatched shockwaves by means of the Arm ecosystem.”

“Having its personal {custom} CPU might … permit Qualcomm to transition to different processor instruction units sooner or later if additional considerations arose about Arm below Nvidia possession,” he famous. 

Qualcomm’s press launch concerning the acquisition contained quotes from its companions, applauding the acquisition. They included Panos Panay, chief product officer of Microsoft; Hiroshi Lockheimer, senior vp of platforms & ecosystems at Google; TM Roh, president and head of cellular communications at Samsung; Xiaomi CEO Lei Jun and executives from Acer, Asus, Bosch, Continental, Normal Motors, HMD, Honor, HP, Lenovo, LG, OnePlus, Oppo, Panasonic, Vivo, Renault, Sharp and Vivo. 

“Compute efficiency, connectivity and energy effectivity are crucial components that make the billions of Android and Chrome OS units shine,” Google’s Lockheimer stated. “The addition of Nuvia extends Qualcomm’s capabilities in these three areas, and we’re excited to see the following era of Snapdragon with Nuvia.”

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