Pixar motion pictures, ranked from worst to greatest

Ever since Toy Story hit theaters in 1995, motion pictures from Pixar Animation Studios have been radically elevating the bar for American animation, from pushing the technological envelope on CG movies to addressing huge emotional subjects that was taboo. Over the course of greater than 25 years, Pixar has performed extra to redefine what an animated film might be than every other US studio.

However provided that studio has put out almost two dozen characteristic movies at this level, even animation followers might not have seen all of them, and will possibly use just a little assist in laying out priorities for a Pixar deep dive or rewatch. So the Polygon workers bought collectively to deliberate which motion pictures symbolize Pixar’s most transferring, bold, and thrilling efforts. Rating Pixar’s motion pictures isn’t simple, since there isn’t actually a horrible Pixar film, simply ones that fall flat in comparison with essentially the most indelible classics. There’s one normal to uphold, although: The very best Pixar motion pictures aren’t simply fantastically animated and able to inspiring laughs — in addition they twist our abdomen into knots and make us ponder the worth of life.

Effectively. It’s fairly.

23. The Good Dinosaur (2015)

The worst crime of The Good Dinosaur, which went by a number of incarnations and quite a lot of behind-the-scenes drama as Pixar tried to determine what do with its huge dino movie, isn’t the precise high quality of the story or animation. It’s that it hardly ever lets viewers actually care about its characters.

The concept of a world the place dinosaurs by no means went extinct is wealthy. Sure scenes are breathtaking — Arlo the dinosaur sticking his head up right into a sea of clouds! A nightscape set aglow with luminous fireflies! However the odd Western narrative (it’s mainly a cowboy film a few younger rancher and his canine) doesn’t fairly work for a land stuffed with dinosaurs, the place a lot world-setting must be performed as a way to construct up the emotional core. The Good Dinosaur feels extra like a panorama of this cool new world — cattle-rustling velociraptors! a farm run by apatosauruses! murderous pterodactyls! — than a transportive have a look at an alternate universe. —Petrana Radulovic

a rusty tow truck with a face, with a green glow around him

This sums up Vehicles 2.

22. Vehicles 2 (2011)

Buckle up: We’re about to speak concerning the Vehicles motion pictures.

The weather that make the Vehicles franchise nice — notably the “return to your roots” trope and powerful found-family themes — are basically blown out of the water in Vehicles 2 in favor of a chaotic world journey that ends with tow-truck sidekick Mater getting knighted by the queen. It’s technically a spy movie; there are explosions and sneaking round, along with a scene the place Mater and his spy mates are trapped within the gears of Large Bentley, which is actually simply London’s Large Ben with a vaguely Bentley-inspired façade. There’s additionally a subplot about renewable gas and company greed that involves fruition a bit too late to be given the burden it deserves. Vehicles 2 is solely a Pixar film caught in cruise management. A effective movie, however nothing greater than that. —Palmer Haasch

a yellow racecar with a face next to a red racecar with a face, jostling for position on a track

Vehicles 3: Millennials enter the workforce, Child Boomers mad.

21. Vehicles 3 (2017)

The third chapter within the Vehicles saga finds Lightning McQueen grappling along with his personal mortality as a slew of rookie racers start to outpace him. To fight growing old, he returns to his dirt-racing roots and discovers the fun of mentorship. Pixar offered this film with the picture of youngsters whimpering over Lightning McQueen ostensibly dying. That melancholic tone carries all through the movie itself, to a sure extent. Lightning McQueen — or no less than, Lightning McQueen the hotshot racer — is dying, and it’s nigh-impossible to not really feel no less than one emotion whereas watching him make his victory lap.

Vehicles 3 introduces, relatively than resolves, among the lingering inquiries of the Vehicles universe, like automotive sexism, automotive racism, and the way predetermined a automotive’s life is by their make and mannequin. Nonetheless, between its high quality of animation and McQueen’s passing on of the torch to a youthful era, Vehicles 3 is a becoming conclusion to the collection. —PH

princess merida shoots an arrow for her own hand in marriage

Sidebar: The Courageous soundtrack is epic.

20. Courageous (2012)

Someplace inside Courageous is a fantasy movie worthy of Frozen, however the completed product has imaginative and prescient points. Courageous’s creator — skilled characteristic director Brenda Chapman, the primary lady to take a director credit score at Pixar — was eliminated halfway by manufacturing and changed by Mark Andrews, who at the moment had by no means directed a characteristic movie. The explanations given amounted to disagreements between Chapman and disgraced Pixar chief artistic officer John Lasseter, which was a nasty look then and is an excellent worse look now.

Courageous suffers for Pixar’s lack of religion. The darkish tone of Chapman’s story, which is predicated partly on her relationship along with her personal daughter, feels muddied and the narrative splintered, specifically with the comedic sequences that includes Scottish princess Merida and her triplet brothers. However the forest sprites, the cursed bear, Merida and her mom’s turmoil, the whole “I’ll be shootin’ fer me OWN hand!” sequence — the promise of Courageous is frustratingly current amid its pitfalls.

It’s additionally clear that Pixar was unprepared for the extreme expectations positioned on Courageous because the studio’s first movie in its almost 20-year historical past to characteristic a feminine protagonist. The tomboy-princess advertising of Courageous elided the truth that within the precise story, Merida isn’t rebelling towards femininity, however relatively her grownup obligations — resulting in a lot disappointment in an ending the place she compromises relatively than triumphs. —Susana Polo

a middle-aged monster welcomes two college-aged monsters — one furry and blue, one small and green — to a fraternity house

If solely the frats at my faculty had been like Oozma Kappa.

19. Monsters College (2013)

Monsters College completely encapsulates each the stereotypical American faculty expertise — feuding Greek life, drumline music dogging you in all places you go on campus — and the bumpy path of mates coming to phrases with their altering life plans. A refreshing twist on an Animal Home-esque frat comedy, Monsters College is a real pleasure by advantage of each its ridiculous ensemble solid and the fleshing out of the Monsters Inc. universe. (Randy Newman’s chipper rating goes the gap, too.) Whereas different Pixar sequels or prequels like Vehicles 2 and Discovering Dory have shifted the main target to secondary protagonists with various ranges of success, Monsters College does itself good by digging into Mike and Sully’s younger grownup years. —PH

a baby blue tang looks up with big adorable eyes

Wook at widdy, biddy child Dowwy

18. Discovering Dory (2016)

One in all Pixar’s many belated sequels, Discovering Dory shifts the main target to Discovering Nemo’s bumbling sidekick character voiced by Ellen DeGeneres. Dory’s journey to seek out her mother and father tugs on the heartstrings, and child Dory is extremely, massively, intensely, super-duper cute. Discovering Dory brings again some iconic Discovering Nemo characters, however just for transient appearances, selecting as an alternative to give attention to a slew of recent characters. Except Hank the grumpy septopus, most are forgettable.

The film focuses on a selected aquarium, which presents an fascinating tackle the setting — watching Hank and Dory cross dry land is fairly enjoyable — however by no means will get to indicate off the huge expanse of the ocean that made the primary film so visually beautiful. Discovering Dory is cute. It’s enjoyable. It can make you snort, possibly even tear up a bit. However not like its predecessor, it doesn’t linger within the reminiscence. —PR

a red racecar flashes a bug-splattered grin


17. Vehicles (2006)

The world of Vehicles is totally bonkers. It’s a movie for youths, so governing common legal guidelines don’t actually matter. Nevertheless, the movie performs quick and free with any sort of existential logic. They’re vehicles! Take it at face worth! Don’t take into consideration how they maintain issues, or whether or not they have nerve endings!

Vehicles eschews among the wide-eyed Pixar protagonist allure in favor of Lightning McQueen’s full-throttle ego for many of the movie. Nevertheless, the residents of sleepy Route 66 city Radiator Springs make up for it, even because the writers slot them into predictable stereotypes. The found-family trope is robust with this one, and the movie’s central message of “possibly the actual Piston Cup was the chums we made alongside the way in which” is well-trod however nonetheless emotionally impactful floor. Additionally, Vehicles made two crucial cultural contributions for which I’m eternally grateful: the phrase “ka-chow,” and “Actual Gone” by Sheryl Crow. —PH

a black widow, two pill bugs, a gypsy moth, a ladybug, a stick bug, a caterpillar, a praying mantis, and a rhinoceros beetle pose

Bugs! With lives!

16. A Bug’s Life (1998)

Just like the film’s absent-minded hero Flik, A Bug’s Life wobbles whereas nonetheless carrying its weight. Pixar’s free adaptation of Aesop’s Ant and the Grasshopper, by the use of Seven Samurai and the spaghetti Western, was an bold follow-up to the nostalgia-soaked Toy Story. However the animation know-how of the time couldn’t fairly notice the majesty and chaos of the insect battle. (The water droplets, although — they had been one thing!)

As in the most effective of Pixar’s movies, it’s the characters of A Bug’s Life who save the day. Dave Foley as Flik is an underrated voiceover triumph, whereas his recruits, the Circus Bugs, have a rapport that the Toy Story gang by no means fairly mustered. The ant-vs.-grasshopper battle stumbles beneath the burden of panorama textures and jerky arthropod movement, however the worry and the life-or-death stakes come to life within the performances. —Matt Patches

the incredibles 2 - parr family

The tremendous household is again in motion.
Disney Pixar

15. Incredibles 2 (2018)

Nothing on this world is ideal (besides the primary Incredibles), which is each the message of and fact about Incredibles 2. Choosing up proper the place its predecessor left off, Brad Chicken’s sequel delves deeper into the philosophical arguments round whether or not superheroes are good or dangerous, and the collective duty to do the precise factor even when it’s the arduous factor.

Now that superheroes are again within the limelight, the subsequent step is rehabilitating their public picture. Sadly, the rise of the superhero additionally means the rise of the supervillain, and the tech-wielding Screenslaver is set to see superheroes retired for good. Chicken exhibits off his Spielberg-rivaling aptitude for motion, making the massive motion scenes pop, and sustaining a way of whole readability that’s uncommon within the modern CGI battle panorama. —Karen Han

A skinny, blue-skinned animated teenage elf wrestles with a magical that’s shooting a bolt of blue energy into the ground in his room, as his huskier elf brother looks on in surprise in Onward

Picture: Pixar/Disney

In a method, all Pixar’s motion pictures are fantasies, given their give attention to residing toys, speaking animals, and grumpy monsters. However none of them discover the acquainted tropes of epic fantasy like Onward, which takes place in a world stuffed with elves, centaurs, fauns, and manticores, and follows two brothers on a quest to energy a magical spell to briefly increase their father from the useless. Like Shrek, Onward takes place in a fantasy-skinned model of a well-known world, on this case one the place vehicles and coffeeshops dwell comfortably alongside phantasm spells and pet home dragons. However the setting is nearly incidental to the story, which is extra about an angsty teen who by no means met his father, and has change into obsessive about the whole lot he thinks he’s lacking together with that relationship.

There’s definitely some stable grist for emotional connection in that premise, but it surely doesn’t absolutely land till the tip of the film, which is extra of a straight fetch-quest journey than any earlier Pixar movie. There’s loads of room within the story for automotive chases, tunnel traps, and magic-assisted problem-solving, to the purpose the place it seems like a fairly first rate D&D session, with a strong emotional punch on the finish. It’s additionally a handsome film, filled with wealthy element and shade. It might simply stand to have a few of that emotional affect earlier on, to steadiness out the comedy and the chases. —Tasha Robinson

an old man looks annoyed at a hyperactive korean child, a talking golden retriever, and a squawking bipedal tropical bird

All Very Good Boys + One Very Good Woman

13. Up (2009)

The primary 10 minutes of Up catapult the tragicomedy to the higher tier of this listing. To arrange precisely why Carl, an outdated man, would uproot his whole home to go on an journey, the sequence — set solely to Michael Giacchino’s Academy Award-winning rating — tells the story of his lifelong romance along with his neighbor Ellie, up by her eventual sickness and demise. It’s heartwarming and heartbreaking in flip, and simply the most effective sequences Pixar has ever put collectively.

The remainder of the movie, which sees Carl chasing a dream he and Ellie by no means fulfilled whereas she was alive, isn’t fairly as elegant (keep in mind the dog-pilot dogfight?), however nonetheless earns Up the excellence of being one among Pixar’s higher entries. There’s no denying the allure of the younger scout Russell, hapless golden retriever Dug, and Kevin, the good hen who resides within the wilderness of Paradise Falls. —KH

two robots — one worn and one shiny — embrace

The true Love, Dying, and Robots.

12. WALL-E (2008)

Andrew Stanton’s science-fiction odyssey, set in 2185, is a triptych of disparate tales glued along with feels. There’s the dystopian story of a employee bot tidying up a busted, abandoned world that would simply stand alone as a brief; there’s the love story of two robots, a pure mix of Asimov and Disney; and there’s the rescue mission, a galactic journey that whisks WALL-E to the Axiom mothership for an encounter with a HAL 9000-like A.I. Our li’l robotic good friend, dropped at life by the beeps and boops of Star Wars sound designer Ben Burtt, beholds each narrative soar with binocular-eyed marvel. So will we.

Elegiac and eerie, WALL-E is a love letter to the whole lot Stanton would miss about Earth (Hiya, Dolly! chief amongst them) and an impassioned plea for us slovenly earthlings to do what we will to put it aside earlier than it’s too late. We’ll see if humanity can get its act collectively, however even when we’re destined to decimate the planet and float round in hover chairs on a rocket-powered shopping center for the remainder of our days, we’ll all the time have WALL-E and EVE dancing among the many stars, an ode to the wonder that after was. As is the continuing mission of Pixar, WALL-E conjures romantic fact. —MP

Woody (Hanks) and Bo Peep (Annie Potts) listen to Giggle McDimples (Ally Maki).


11. Toy Story 4

Nobody actually requested for a Toy Story 4, but it surely is likely to be the most effective “fourth film in a 24-year-old franchise” that we might probably get.

Separated from the primary three motion pictures, Toy Story 4 is a enjoyable and heartwarming journey, displaying us a totally new set of characters (save for Woody and Buzz) and a brand new aspect to life as a toy. Villain Gabby Gabby has the identical form of motivation as Pungent Pete and Lotso earlier than her: She needs to be cherished by a baby. However not like the opposite two, her grand plan isn’t a grandiose villain scheme, however a practical means to an finish. As an alternative of declaring that no toy ought to be cherished as a result of she will be able to’t be cherished, she needs to repair her faulty half.

Whereas Toy Story 4 introduces some standout new characters — akin to beloved spork-turned-toy Forky — the staple characters from the primary three motion pictures take a again seat. The film’s emotional finish, the place Woody decides to half methods with the toys and Bonnie, doesn’t hit fairly as arduous after we’ve virtually forgotten they exist. —PR

Soul protagonist Joe faces bandleader Dorothea outside a club

Picture: Pixar Animation Studios

10. Soul (2020)

Pixar’s first film to heart on a Black protagonist lands just a little oddly when it seems the movie’s huge ethical message is “The belongings you love most in life aren’t essentially the issues that offer you goal.” Administrators Pete Docter and Kemp Powers blunt what might be a slam-dunk emotional ending by giving it a extra grownup spin, in a method which will make it arduous for youngsters to know. (Most 8-year-olds are going to have a tough time empathizing with a personality who seems like a failure as a result of he has to hang around in a college and work with youngsters.)

However Soul’s visible verve and pure feelings are arduous to beat. Simply as lead character Joe Gardner (Jamie Foxx) lastly will get the jazz-pianist gig which may lastly let him drop his time-killing gig as a middle-school music trainer and pursue music full-time, he dies in an accident, and finds himself within the afterlife, preventing to make his method again to Earth. There’s quite a lot of wacky incident involving a bratty soul who’s by no means been incarnated and doesn’t wish to be, and a remedy cat, and a gaggle of benevolent however neglectful pre-life counselors, however Soul’s core is actually within the unbeatable moments the place Joe expresses himself by music, inspiring different folks or pulling himself out of his day-to-day life for a couple of minutes. Typically it’s a goofy and playful film, but it surely’s firmly entrenched in the concept life is a uncommon and wondrous factor that shouldn’t be taken without any consideration. —TR

Woody (Tom Hanks) comforts Jessie (Joan Cusack)

The scene that turned a era of youngsters into toy hoarders.

9. Toy Story 2 (1999)

The unique Toy Story puzzled, “What if toys had been alive?” The second launched the idea of their longevity, the truth that at some point their youngsters would outgrow them. Toy Story 2 is each a heartfelt examination of previous, current, and future, and a sturdy step towards the extra emotional territory of future sequels, introducing the juxtaposition of fleeting childhood and the permanence of toys.

Nothing sums up the emotional core of Toy Story 2 greater than the “When She Liked Me” montage: Sarah McLachlan croons a bittersweet music over scenes of cowgirl doll Jessie and her proprietor Emily taking part in collectively, rising aside, and finally fully parting methods. The sequence, swathed in a medley of autumn colours, is pure Pixar. —PR

Skeleton Hector and human boy Miguel perform


8. Coco (2017)

Pixar has struggled to current views outdoors of the experiences of Lasseter and the corporate’s elder creatives. You possibly can see it within the lengthy wait between The Incredibles and Incredibles 2. You possibly can see it in Courageous’s manufacturing woes.

However you don’t see it in Coco. The musical journey, from Toy Story 3 director Lee Unkrich, mixes the most effective of the Pixar method with the Disney method, combining music, character, and a story-first method to inform a story of a boy who follows his desires so arduous that he fixes his entire dang household, residing and useless.

As I mentioned in my assessment, loads of faculty youngsters on semesters overseas have found the aesthetics of the Mexican celebration of Día de Muertos, however Pixar’s imaginative and prescient of the Land of the Lifeless is wealthy, coherent, and a pleasure to inhabit. Coco charms; it has a surprisingly evil villain; it will get these Pixar Tears out of your eyeballs. You’re most likely nonetheless buzzing “Keep in mind Me.” —SP

A rat Remy caught cooking by gangly human Linguini


7. Ratatouille (2007)

The central ethos of Ratatouille — “not everybody can change into a terrific artist, however a terrific artist can come from anyplace” — is so self-evident and but typically so arduous to understand, that the clear phrases during which Pixar places it really feel all of the extra outstanding. Ratatouille is the story of a rat who turns into a chef, i.e., finds the place he belongs within the one place rats aren’t alleged to be. For some time, he manages it by teaming up with a talentless rubbish boy, manipulating him like a puppet whereas sitting beneath his hat, however there wouldn’t be a film in the event that they didn’t finally must reckon with being found.

Life-affirming story apart, Ratatouille boasts one among Michael Giacchino’s greatest scores, in addition to essentially the most delightfully visible representations of how good meals tastes. It may possibly manifest in splashes of shade and sound, and even plunge folks again into their fondest reminiscences. Ratatouille is beautiful artwork, with a warming message and meals you’ll be able to virtually style. —KH

A small child, Bonnie, holds Woody (a cowboy action figure) and Buzz (a space ranger action figure)

At this level on this listing, I’m already crying.

6. Toy Story 3 (2010)

Younger ladies who watched their Toy Story 2 VHS tapes time and again (who might or not be me) had been nearly to go off to varsity when Toy Story 3 got here out. Toy Story 2 arrange an ominous future — what would occur to the toys when their proprietor Andy grew up? On the finish of Toy Story 2, the toys agreed {that a} quick life of affection was higher than eternity in a museum. However Toy Story 3 brings us to the tip of their time with Andy, who has lengthy left his toys of their chest, and is transferring on to larger training.

Woody and the gang at the moment are determined in a method solely hinted at in Toy Story 2. They want love from Andy. Although the cowboy is the clear favourite to associate with the boy to varsity, he has to reassure the others that going into storage received’t be so dangerous. On the finish, although, Toy Story 3 doesn’t take that simple path, and as an alternative closes a chapter of the toys’ lives — and of Andy’s life as effectively.

One of many closing moments, the place Bonnie raises Woody’s hand to wave goodbye at Andy, and Andy’s expression catches for a second, by no means fails to make me cry. —PR

fluffy blue monster Sully embraces small child Boo


5. Monsters, Inc. (2001)

From the second the cheeky, Saul Bass-esque title credit start, it’s clear Monsters, Inc. is all spirit and coronary heart. The movie casts a friendlier gentle on issues that go bump within the evening by pulling the curtain again on the business that drives it. Monsters depend on kids’s screams to energy their world, however are frightened of the kids they harvest them from, believing them to be poisonous.

When monsters Sully and Mike uncover {that a} younger human woman has one way or the other entered the manufacturing facility, they do their greatest to smuggle her again residence safely. Alongside the way in which, nonetheless, they wind up difficult their preconceived notions about kids in addition to the enterprise they’re in. If the emphatic proclamation of “Mike Wazowski!” doesn’t make you snort, or the nickname “Kitty” doesn’t instantly make you tear up, do your self a favor and watch (or rewatch) this film. —KH

clownfish Nemo in a fish tank next to Gill


4. Discovering Nemo (2003)

The film that launched a thousand ill-fated pet clownfish sends Marlin (Albert Brooks) throughout the ocean with a forgetful blue tang (Ellen DeGeneres) from an idyllic coral reef to an eerie sunken battleship, from the depths of the abyssal zone to the roaring East Australian Present. The film switches between Marlin’s quest to seek out his son and Nemo’s new life in a fish tank. Neither storyline is boring, with Nemo’s mainly turning into an escape plan helmed by Willem Dafoe’s Gill. The film additionally boasts a colourful solid of aspect characters — from the struggling vegetarian sharks and Nemo’s precocious classmates to the quirky tank gang and Crush the surfer-dad turtle — who assist the film “simply maintain swimming.”

At its coronary heart, although, Discovering Nemo is a narrative about being a mother or father, about doing no matter it takes to guard your youngster — and about studying when it’s time to allow them to go. —PR

Buzz (Tim Allen) flies with Woody (Tom Hanks) above a Pixar blue sky


3. Toy Story (1995)

The primary Toy Story was one thing of a miracle: a technological revolution that also managed to inform a narrative. Whereas the sequels actually gnawed away on the existential questions dredged up by the primary, the unique film simply focuses on the toys and their love for his or her proprietor, Andy. The buddy-cop dynamic of Woody and Buzz shines as the 2 navigate a contentious relationship and an identification disaster. Your entire idea might’ve been performed straight for laughs, however as an alternative turns right into a heartwarming story of friendship, battle, and the halcyon days of childhood.

Pixar’s first movie was born out of battle — Disney arms tried to make the plot extra grownup — but it surely’s a real testomony to how animation can meld with human emotion. Equal components humor and coronary heart, terror and triumph, Toy Story nonetheless holds up in any case these years. —PR

a yellow figure representing joy holds glowing orbs next to a blue figure representing sadness

What if … emotions … had emotions?

2. Inside Out (2015)

Inside Out takes place largely contained in the thoughts of 11-year-old Riley, which permits the artists at Pixar to stretch their world-building and design imaginations. The features of the human psyche change into bubbly personifications — Amy Poehler is terrifically solid because the embodiment of Pleasure, together with Mindy Kaling voicing the snooty Disgust — however the film quantities to greater than a wacky journey into consciousness. Inside Out handles the fragile and sophisticated emotions of rising up. Becoming a member of Unhappiness and Pleasure on their quest by Riley’s thoughts is kooky imaginary good friend Bing Bong, who will get a surprisingly poignant arc.

Pixar movies by no means draw back from the massive emotional beats, however by advantage of Inside Out being a movie about emotion, its climax — the epiphany that Unhappiness (Phyllis Smith) is a obligatory a part of processing feelings — hits notably arduous. —PR

the parr family — mr. incredible, elastigirl, violet, and dash — embrace after a fight


1. The Incredibles (2004)

Again when superheroes had been nonetheless a goofy factor for youths, or at most a responsible deal with for adults, Brad Chicken’s The Incredibles bounded onto the massive display screen, combining the Unbelievable 4, the nuclear household sitcom, the whole midcentury fashionable aesthetic, and mainly the identical story setup as Watchmen into what is likely to be the crispest, most tightly orchestrated motion film ever made.

The Incredibles is beautifully plotted and paced, and skips alongside to a Giacchino soundtrack that wouldn’t sound misplaced in a Bond movie. There isn’t a single throwaway scene or line — nor are there throwaway characters. The Parr household makes up the center of the movie, in fact, whereas the entitled Syndrome and his ambitions type the backbone of the plot. However if you widen the web? No duds, folks.

Frozone: Immediately beloved. Bob’s weaselly insurance coverage boss, the weaseliest boss to ever exist; Tremendous Relocation Agent Rick Dicker, formed and voiced as for those who had distilled each Tommy Lee Jones position right down to its most concentrated essence. The Parrs’ hapless babysitter; supervillain second-in-command Mirage, even freakin’ Bomb Voyage — I wager you’ll be able to image each one among them. And is there a secondary character extra immediately iconic than Edna Mode?

And besides: this assortment of memorable character designs, all within the first Pixar movie during which the corporate had tried to current human figures because the leads. It’s nothing in need of … effectively, you’ll be able to guess. —SP

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